Use and Over Use of Antibiotics


AntibioticsIn today’s age, we have reached, this height in medical science, where treatment of major diseases is
possible. However, it seems that we are going in such a hurry; soon we will found us to left on the finish  line. No wonder that time is coming soon when humans will suffer from small diseases and here they
will die too. Yeah, It will be soon, and it will be so the overuse of, Antibiotics can cause the neutral
antibiotics, so that if person is having minor diseases then it will be leading to failure or disaster.

What is Antibiotics?
An antibiotic is drug that is useful to treat bacterial infections. However, antibiotics are not effective in
treating viral infections/ viruses, such as the cold, the flu, AIDS. If you have an infection then it is
important to know that whether bacteria or a virus has causes it. This is why vaccine is often useful to
prevent against these diseases, instead of using antibiotics to cure them once they develop.

Excessive use of antibiotics
Today doctors are also very widely prescribed antibiotics. The patient often speaks to the doctor to
write antibiotics, even if it has viral infection, and there is no effect of antibiotics, because they are
unaware of the proper usage of antibiotics. Since the doctor does not want his patients to be angry, they
try to please their patients, so they often gives antibiotics, even in cases of viral infection, even when
they know that antibiotics are not effective in this scenario. Apart from this, it is often difficult for
doctors to explain to patients that antibiotics are not effective. In 2007, it is estimated that around 28%
of doctors has prescribed their patients to use antibiotics if a patient has an infectious disease caused by
an influenza virus.  They know that it is a viral illness and antibiotics will not work. This results in a large
amount of unnecessary antibiotic prescription

The doctor is unknowingly contributing to the development of many deadly superbugs in the human
body by prescribing unnecessary antibiotics. An antibiotic has the ability to kill bacteria, but bacteria can
be resistant to the drug. When the human body is consuming an antibiotic, the weak bacteria die, but
strong antibiotic resistant bacteria are able to antigen and spread, and they do it very quickly. There are
three main reasons for this spread. First of all, bacteria are able to regenerate very quickly. The
population can be doubled in only twenty minutes. Second, the high level of bacterial exchange
potential is resistant to the bacteria; their resistant genes can be passed on to other bacteria even in
different species without childbirth. Third, bacteria have high rates of mutation; these resistant bacteria
can cause antibiotic-resistant diseases, which are almost impossible to cure.


Antibiotic will be ineffective

Today, the ability to kill antibiotic bacteria in the whole world is decreasing. Antibiotic, this proved to be
effective for the first common infections, have become neutral now, if this happens then that day, will
come soon when no antibiotic will be proved effective in removing the disease. Even so, the good thing
is that the world is not oblivious to this challenge and knows that this challenge can reduce by reducing
the use of antibiotic. Today all the countries are working together to reduce the use of antibiotic
together.


What is the resistive challenge?
Suppose you have any infection, you take any antibiotic for its treatment. For example, as you take
penicillin but it is quite possible that your infection from penicillin is not a proper and effective
treatment because your infection may be due to bacterial, on which penicillin will not be effective on
your infection. The more we use the antibiotic, the more bacteria they have the power to fight. Its new
breed will spread rapidly and antibiotic will be neutral. On the different side, if we use less antibiotic,
then the breed of bacteria with its immune system will flourish.

How big is this challenge?

The World Health Organization estimates that by the year 2050 approximately 10 million people
worldwide will die, because antibiotic has no effect. And this will damage the world economy by about
66 trillion dollars.

How did this happen?
Nowadays, humans often use the abundance of antibiotics in normal conditions. Doctors also often
write antibiotics under normal circumstances. In many developing countries including India, drug
shoppers give antibiotics medicines without prescription. In Europe, many countries have tremendous
use of antibiotics and in many Western countries; antibiotics are also given to increase animals rapidly,
through which such bacteria grow in their body, which do not have antibiotic effects. And when human
eat the meat of such animals, antibiotic resistant bacteria within these animals reach in humans through
these animals.


How to prevent
Two years ago, under the leadership of the World Health Organization, all the countries agreed to the
Global Action Plan to fight this challenge of antibiotic. This will work to identify antibiotic resistant
bacteria. Also doctors will be encouraged to write at least antibiotic. Also, in many countries, efforts will
be made to overcome this challenge with mutual cooperation.

Antibiotic Research:
The biggest difficult antibiotic resistant bacteria have yet to identify. However, pharmaceutical
companies and scientists are also being helped to develop new antibiotics.

In last, these efforts lead to new hope for humanity. It seems that we will find a way to deal with
antibiotic resistant bacteria. Even if the use of antibiotic is very important, its resistant bacteria will
flourish. This means that we will have to deal with this challenge continuously.

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